National Public Radio reported this morning on the proactive results of programs in Namibia, in which “the fate of wildlife is now in the hands of farmers who once poached them.” NPR described it as a “radical program…[that] is though the U.S. government said to the people who live around Yellowstone National Park, “You know what? All those wild animals in the park — the grizzlies, the bison, the wolves — they belong to you.”
The Namibian Government, with support from USAID, WWF and others, established “communal conservancies” in the mid-90s, which gave local villages control over the wildlife within their boundaries. Each conservancy then partners with tourist lodges, safari companies and others to share income from tourists on safaris.
Below is an interesting chart from the NPR story that shows the 2009 income from tourism and conservancy spending.